M.117, The Morgan Library & Museum

Holding institution title: Book of Hours

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: New York, NY

URL: https://www.themorgan.org/manuscript/77137

URL2: N/A

Digitization status: Partially digitized

Date: 1440-1450

Language(s): Latin, English

Use: Sarum

Country of production: France

City or region of production: Brittany

Illumination contents: Feasting, Aquarius, Warming before the fire, Pisces, Pruning trees, Aries, Young man holding branches, Taurus, Falconing, Gemini, Shearing sheep, Cancer, Man holding scythe and whetstone, Leo, Harvesting grain, Virgo, Sowing seed, Libra, Making wine, Scorpio, Gathering acorns, Ssgittarius, Slaughtering a hog, Capricorn, Trinity, St. John the Evangelist and eagle, St. Luke and winged ox, St. Matthew and angel, St. Mark and winged lion, Christ child suckling, Pietà, Christ crowned with thorns, Annunciation, Joachim’s offerings rejected, Annunciation to Joachim, Annunciation to St. Anne, Anna and Joachim meeting at the Golden Gate, Visitation, Holy Spirit as a Dove, Cross with titulus INRI, Archangel Michael, St. John the Baptist, Sts. Peter and Paul, St. Andrew, St. John the Evangelist, St. Lawrence, St. Stephen, Incredulity of St. Thomas, St. Nicholas, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Catherine, St. Margaret, St. James major with St. Paul and St. James minor, All Saints, Crucifixion, Pentecost, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Flight into Egypt, Coronation of the Virgin, David bringing head of Goliath to Saul, David beheading Goliath, Angel holding sword in each hand, David in prayer, Battle scene, Personification of Death as skeleton raises club towards pope, Death and a Holy Roman Emperor, Death and a Cardinal, Death and a King, Death and a soldier, Last supper, Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, Betrayal of Christ, Christ before Pilate, Flagellation, Christ nailed to the Cross, Crucifixion with Longinus and side wound, Descent from the Cross, Creation of Eve

Text contents: Calendar, Prayers, Gospel Sequences, Obsecro te, O Intemerata, Passion according to John, Hours of the Virgin, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Suffrages, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Office of the Dead, Long Hours of the Cross, Prayers

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: This manuscript was illuminated in two campaigns: in Brittany, ca. 1440-1450, and in Paris, ca. 1500-1510. Note that “from the original campaign of illumination only one much repainted miniature, the Virgo lactans [fol. 19v] and many decorated borders remain. These, like the litany, suggest that the manuscript was begun in Brittany about 1440, presumably for an English patron. Perhaps because of the withdrawal of the English occupying forces, the illumination was left unfinished for over fifty years and was only taken up again around 1500 or shortly after.”–Cf. Plummer and Clark, The Last Flowering, p. 71.

Scribe:

Illuminator:

Patron:

Materials: Vellum

Binding original?: Yes

Binding description: 16th-century brown calf.

Folio height (in centimeters): 22.2

Folio width (in centimeters): 16.7

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