M.253, The Morgan Library & Museum

Holding institution title: Book of Hours

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: New York, NY

URL: https://www.themorgan.org/manuscript/77217

URL2: N/A

Digitization status: Partially digitized

Date: 1455-1505

Language(s): Latin, French

Use: Paris

Country of production: France

City or region of production: Paris

Illumination contents: Feasting, Aquarius, Warming before the Fire, Pisces, Pruning vines, Aries, Lovers in a grove, Taurus, Lovers on a horse, Gemini, Mowing, Cancer, Reaping, Leo, Threshing, Virgo, Treading grapes, Libra, Sowing, Scorpio, Gathering acorns, Sagittarius, Slaughtering a pig, Capricorn, St. John the Evangelist, St. Mark, Pietà, Virgin Mary and Christ Child enthroned, Annunciation, Visitation, Betrayal of Christ, Annunciation, Nativity, Christ before Pilate, Assumption of the Virgin, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Christ Carrying the Cross, Pentecost, Adoration of the Magi, Crucifixion, Apostle Peter preaching, Massacre of the Innocents, Apostle Peter baptizing, Descent from the Cross, Vision of Christ Crucified clothed in the wings of a seraph, Entombment of Christ, Last Judgment, Joachim and Anna meeting at the Golden Gate, Visitation, Presentation in the Temple, Death of the Virgin, Trinity enthroned with male owner portrait, St. John the Evangelist with male owner portrait, St. Nicholas, St. Anthony, St. Christopher, St. Sebastian, St. Martin, St. Catherine, All Saints, St. Lupus, St. Peter with male owner portrait, St. James major, St. Julian, St. Eustace, St. Gemma, Archangel Michael, King David praying, Office of the Dead, St. Barbara, Large heraldic shield encompassing multiple arms, God the Father and Christ crucified, St. Joseph and the Christ Child, St. Anne and the Virgin Mary, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Susanna, St. Fiacrius, Large heraldic shield encompassing multiple arms

Text contents: Calendar, Gospel Sequences, Obsecro te, O Intemerata, Hours of the Virgin, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Five Joys of the Virgin, Prayer on the Conception of the Virgin Mary, Invocations, Prayer to Christ, Suffrages, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Office of the Dead

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: This manuscript contains five portraits of an original male owner, perhaps Jean III de Bethune (c. 1450-1511). The owner is pictured with St. John the Evangelist, and St. John is the first saint in a series of suffrages, indicating that perhaps the owner’s name was John or Jean. Later, however, the owner is also represented with St. Peter. In the lower margin below each miniature in the manuscript is a crowned shield bearing the arms of one of the families related to the Bethune family, and the arms for the Bethune family appear on folios 242r and 249v. Prayers are formulated for a masculine suppliant.

Scribe:

Illuminator:

Patron:

Materials: Vellum

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Formerly in red silk; now in purple velvet with gilt clasps in dark blue morocco case lettered: Queen Margaret’s Prayer Book.

Folio height (in centimeters): 13

Folio width (in centimeters): 10

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