M.399, The Morgan Library & Museum

Holding institution title: Book of Hours

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: New York, NY

URL: https://www.themorgan.org/manuscript/112362


Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1490-1540

Language(s): Latin

Use: Rome (Office of the Dead)

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Bruges

Illumination contents: Da Costa arms, Feasting and warming before the fire, Winter landscape, Aquarius, Skating, Pruning vines, Pisces, Tilling a garden, Aries, Milking a cow, Taurus, Lovers on a boat, Gemini, Shearing sheep, Scorpio, Sheep grazing, Mowing, Leo, Reaping, Virgo, Sowing, Scorpio, Selling a bull, Libra, Threshing, Sagittarius, Slaughtering a pig, Capricorn, Arrest of Christ, Christ before the High priest, Christ before Herod, Christ before Pilate, Christ nailed to the Cross, Crucifixion, Descent from the Cross, Entombment of Christ, Five wounds in a mandorla above liturgical scene with man and woman praying, Christ as man of sorrows, Flagellation of Christ, Christ mocked and crowned with thorns, Ecce homo, Christ carrying the Cross with St. Veronica offering veil, Virgin Mary as mater dolorosa with seven sorrows, St. John the Evangelist, St. Luke, St. Matthew, St. Mark, St. John the Evangelist, St. Mark, St. Matthew, St. Luke, Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi, Circumcision of Christ, Children spinning tops, Flight into Egypt, Coronation of the Virgin, Crucifixion, Pentecost, Christ as Salvator Mundi, Christ showing wounds with the Virgin Mary and St. John the Evangelist and kneeling male owner portrait, Virgin of the Apocalypse, David fighting Goliath, David beheading Goliath, Raising of Lazarus, Archangel Michael, Beheading of St. John the Baptist, Sts. Peter and Paul, St. Andrew, St. James major, St. Thomas, All Apostles, St. Stephen, St. Lawrence, St. Sebastian, St. Christopher, St. George, All Martyrs, St. Jerome, St. Augustine, St. Bernard, St. Benedict, St. Francis, St. Anthony, St. Dominic, St. Bernardino, St. Onufrius, St. Roch, Confessor Saints, Three Magi, St. Anne with the Virgin Mary and Christ Child, St. Catherine, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Elizabeth, St. Helena, St. Apollonia, St. Lucia, St. Ursula, St. Ursula and virgins, Trinity St. Anne with the Virgin Mary in her womb, Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, Elevation of the Host before the altar, Man with a hound and falcon before a woman at a window, Jousting with two women looking on, Virgin Mary and St. John the Evangelist by the Cross, Virgin Mary and Christ Child, Pietà with St. John the Evangelist, God the Father in heaven, Christ Child and angels with Cross and Arma Christi

Text contents: Calendar, Hours of the Passion, Office of the Five Wounds, Prayer of Pope Gregory to the Five Wounds of Christ, Gospel Sequences of the Passion, Office of the Compassion of the Virgin, Fifteen Os of St. Bridget, Prayer to Christ, Adaptation of the Ave Maria to the Passion, Eighteen Prayers on the Passion, Gospel Sequences, Suffrages to the Evangelists, Hours of the Virgin, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Prayer to the Holy Face, Prayer in Latin Verse to the Wounds of Christ with rubric of indulgences, Prayer to the Virgin, Antiphons for different seasons, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Office of the Dead, Suffrages, Hours of the Trinity, Hours of the Conception of the Virgin, Fifteen Prayers to Christ with indulgences, Mass of the Virgin, Stabat mater, Obsecro te, O Intemerata, Prayer to the Image of Christ, Prayer attributed to St. Augustine

Hours intercalated?:


Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Simon Bening

Patron: Probably made ca. 1515 for a member of the Portuguese Sá (Saa) family of Porto, possibly João Rodrigues de Sá (original arms in a blue and silver checkered pattern painted beneath the Da Costa arms on fol. 1v)

Materials: Vellum

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Formerly in old green velvet with 2 silver clasps (preserved separately); 388 leaves in total; divided into two and rebound in dark green oasis morocco by Deborah Evetts in 1983 (v. 1, fols. 1-199; v. 2, fols. 200-388).

Folio height (in centimeters): 17.2

Folio width (in centimeters): 12.5

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