M.454, The Morgan Library & Museum

Holding institution title: Book of Hours

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: New York, NY

URL: https://www.themorgan.org/manuscript/77330

URL2: N/A

Digitization status: Partially digitized

Date: 1445-1495

Language(s): Latin, Italian

Use: Rome

Country of production: Italy

City or region of production: Milan?

Illumination contents: King David and Nathan, King David praying, Angel smiting the wicked with a sword, Holy Spirit as a Dove, Office of the Dead, Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, Betrayal of Christ, Christ before Pilate, Monogram of Christ in a wreath, Christ before Caiaphas, Christ carrying the Cross, Crucifixion, Guards sleeping before Christ’s tomb, Three Marys at the empty tomb, Pentecost, St. Jerome, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Laurence, St. Sebastian, St. Roch, St. Michael, Christ emerging from tomb with Arma Christi, Thomas Aquinas in initial C, Bust of Christ in initial T, St. Francis in initial P, Reliquary in monstrance in initial C, Two women in initial O, Man playing lute in initial G, Virgin Mary and Christ Child in initial D, Two figures praying in initial V, Woman reading in initial Q, Virgin Mary in initial Q, Visitation, Nativity, Fogliani-Gonzaga arms, Adoration of the Magi, Emblem and motto of Barbara Gonzaga-Wuerttemberg, Emblem and Device of Lodovico Gonzaga, White hound with red muzzle and collar, Circumcision of Christ, Flight into Egypt, Folgiani arms, God the Father in a mandorla, Holy Family, Virgin Mary and Christ Child enthroned, Annunciation in initial D

Text contents: Penitential Psalms, Litany, Office of the Dead, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Prayer to the Image of Pity: “Rogo te imensa pietas deus pater omnipotens”, Prayer of St. Augustine to the Virgin, Litany of the Passion of Christ, Prayer, Litany of the Virgin, Prayers for preparation for Mass, Prayers with named supplicant Cecilia, Prayers of St. Isidore, Hours of the Virgin, Hours of the Virgin for Advent

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: Cecilia Gonzaga’s name appears in one of the prayers, and Gonzaga arms and devices throughout the text: a white doe with the motto “Bi d(er) graph”; a dove perched on a coiled and smoking tree trunk inscribed: “vrai amor non se cang”; a muzzled and leashed hound; arms on fol. 190 (1 per pale or a stem vert springing from a log, on a canton or two pales gules); other arms on fol. 205 (quarterly 1-4 vairy undy)

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Two distinct hands; one a Milanese artist identified in other manuscripts (including Pierpont Morgan Library MS M.139 and Paris, Bibliothèque nationale MS Latin 4596)

Patron: Probably Cecilia Gonzaga (1451-1472) daughter of Lodovico II and Barbara of Brandenberg

Materials: Vellum

Binding original?: No

Binding description: 20th-century purple velvet in maroon morocco case

Folio height (in centimeters): 19

Folio width (in centimeters): 13

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