M.917/945, The Morgan Library & Museum

Holding institution title: Book of Hours

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: New York, NY

URL: https://www.themorgan.org/manuscript/76941

URL2: N/A

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1415 – 1465

Language(s): Latin

Use: Windesheim

Country of production: Netherlands

City or region of production: Utrecht

Illumination contents: Female owner portrait of Catherine of Cleves praying to the Virgin Mary and Christ Child, Annunciation to Joachim, Angels singing, Anne and Joachim meeting at the Golden Gate, Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple, Joseph Designated as the Husband of the Virgin, Marriage of the Virgin, God Dispatching the Archangel Gabriel, Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, Flight into Egypt, Death of the Virgin, Assumption of the Virgin, Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, Betrayal of Christ, Christ before Caiaphas, Mocking of Christ, Christ Before Pilate, Christ before Herod, Flagellation of Christ, Christ Crowned with Thorns, Christ Carrying the Cross, Christ nailed to the Cross, Crucifixion, Joseph of Arimathaea before Pilate, Descent from the Cross, Lamentation, Entombment of Christ, Resurrection of Christ, Trinity, God the Father, God the Son, Three Persons of the Trinity, Christ accepts his father’s decree to save mankind, Infant Christ Sent to Earth, Trinity Enthroned, Man of Sorrows returned to the Trinitarian Throne, Rulers of the Earth Adore the Trinity, Deathbed, Souls Tormented in Purgatory, Preparation of a Corpse, Office of the Dead, Burial, Offering at a Requiem Mass, Souls in Purgatory Consoled with the Offering, Souls Released from Purgatory, Archangel Michael Weighing Souls, Pentecost, Judgment of Solomon, King David Praying before an Altar, King and Advisers Taking Counsel, Jacob Wrestling the Angel, Teacher Instructing Pupils, Owner portrait of Catherine of Cleves Distributing Alms, Owner portrait of Arnold of Egmond Praying to Christ, St. Peter Bestowing the Holy Spirit, Simon Magus Seeks to Buy St. Peter’s Power, All Saints before the Throne of God, Christ Receiving the Virgin into Heaven, Angels before the Throne of God, Apostles and Prophets before the Throne of God, God Enthroned with Evangelist Symbols, Ecclesiastic and Military Saints before the Throne of God, Virgins before the Throne of God, Archangel Michael, St. Peter with St. John the Baptist and St. Martin, Joseph revealing himself to his brothers, Eucharist Adored by Moses and St. John the Evangelist, Worthy and Unworthy Communion, The Eucharist Adored by Prophets Aaron and Isaiah and Sts. Paul and Luke, Gathering of Manna, Supper at Emmaus, Israelites Eating the Passover Meal, Last Supper, Celebration of Mass observed by Moses and St. Paul, Dying Adam Dispatching Seth to Paradise, Archangel Michael Giving Seth a Branch from the Tree of Mercy, Seth Planting the Branch in the Mouth of the Dead Adam, Tree Growing from Adam’s Grave, Solomon Ordering the Tree Cut Down, Solomon Observing the Measuring of the Timber, The Queen of Sheba Fording the Stream of Cedron, An Angel Stirs the Pool of Bethesda, Man of Sorrows and the Cross, Creation of Eve, Eve with the Virgin Mary and Christ Child, Tree of Jesse, Joachim and Anne, Holy Family at Work, Holy Family at Supper, Virgin Mary Witnessing Christ’s Ascension, Funeral Procession of the Virgin, The Virgin and the Crucified Christ Intercede for Catherine of Cleves, Virgin and Child in a Grape Arbor, Last Judgment, Man of Sorrows Petitioned by Penitents, Hell mouth, Office of the Dead, Archangel Michael, Guardian Angel and Demon Fighting over the Book of Life, St. John the Baptist, St. Peter, St. Paul, St. Andrew, St. James major, St. John the Evangelist, St. Thomas, St. James minor, St. Philip, St. Bartholomew, St. Matthew, St. Simon, St. Matthias, Adoration of the Magi, St. Gregory the Great, St. Jerome, St. Ambrose, St. Augustine, Sts. Cornelius and Cyprian, St. Anthony, Sts. Fabian and Sebastian, St. Hubert, St. Erasmus, Ten Thousand Martyrs and St. Acacius, St. Blaise, St. Lawrence, St. Vincent, St. Valentine, St. Stephen, St. George, St. Christopher, St. Adrian, St. Martin, St. Nicholas, St. Benedict, St. Servatius, St. Bernard, St. Thomas Aquinas, St. Leonard, St. Alexis, St. Anne with the Virgin Mary and Christ Child, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Catherine, St. Barbara, St. Agnes, St. Dorothy, St. Apollonia, St. Agatha, St. Cecilia, St. Lucy, St. Scholastica, St. Gertrude, St. Martha, St. Helena, St. Elizabeth

Text contents: Hours of the Virgin, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Trinity, Office of the Dead for Monday, Mass of the Holy Spirit, Wednesday Hours of All Saints, Mass of All Saints, Thursday Hours of the Holy Sacrament, Mass of the Holy Sacrament, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Office of the Dead

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: Made for Catherine of Cleves, Duchess of Guelders. Owner portraits of Catherine of Cleves appear on f. 2r, kneeling before the Virgin Mary and Christ Child, on f. 65r, distributing alms, and f. 160v, where the Virgin Mary and Crucified Christ intercede for her. A portrait of Arnold of Egmond, husband of Catherine of Cleves, praying to Christ appears on f. 68v.

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Master of Catherine of Cleves

Patron: Catherine of Cleves, Duchess of Guelders

Materials:

Binding original?: N/A

Binding description: Currently (2011) disbound. Previous mid-19th-century binding, tooled red morocco by Belz-Niédrée (Jean-Philippe Belz), preserved separately; rebound in maroon morocco by Charlotte M. Ullman in 1968 (M.917); 19th-century red velvet over boards (M.945).

Folio height (in centimeters): 19.2

Folio width (in centimeters): 13

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