Ms. Ludwig IX 8 (83.ML.104), J. Paul Getty Museum

Holding institution title: Arenberg Hours

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Los Angeles, CA

URL: https://www.getty.edu/art/collection/objects/1392/willem-vrelant-and-workshop-arenberg-hours-flemish-early-1460s/

URL2: N/A

Digitization status: Partially digitized

Date: 1435 – 1490

Language(s): Latin

Use: Sarum

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Bruges

Illumination contents: Warming before the Fire, Aquarius, Pruning Vines, Pisces, Working in a Field, Aries, Picking Flowers, Taurus, Hawking, Gemini, Mowing, Cancer, Reaping, Leo, Threshing, Virgo, Treading Grapes, Libra, Sowing, Scorpio, Gathering Acorns, Sagittarius, Slaughtering a Pig, Capricorn, Christ as Salvator Mundi, Man Praying to the Holy Spirit, Solomon Praying to the Holy Spirit, Pentecost, Jesus with Orb in a Garden, Baptism of Christ, Christ Resurrected Appearing before the Apostles, Sts. Peter and John Baptizing the Samarians, Christ as Salvator Mundi, Christ Blessing, Trinity Enthroned, St. John the Baptist, St. John the Evangelist, St. Christopher, St. George, St. Thomas, St. Anne with the Virgin Mary and Christ Child, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Catherine, St. Barbara, St. Margaret, Annunciation, Visitation, Pentecost, Trinity Enthroned, Empress Helena with the True Cross, Archangel Michael, St. John the Baptist, Sts. Peter and Paul, St. Andrew, St. James major, St. Lawrence, St. Stephen, St. George, St. Thomas, St. Nicholas, St. Anthony, St. Augustine, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Catherine, St. Barbara, St. Margaret, All Saints, Men and Women Kneeling in Prayer, Betrayal of Christ, Nativity, Christ Before Pilate, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Flagellation of Christ, Adoration of the Magi, Christ Carrying the Cross, Circumcision of Christ. Crucifixion, Massacre of the Innocents, Descent from the Cross, Flight into Egypt, Entombment of Christ, Virgin of the Apocalypse, Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple, Adam and Eve eating the Forbidden Fruit, Cross in a Landscape, Christ Head, Christ Wounded Right Hand, Christ Wounded Left Hand, Angel Holding a Cloth with Christ’s Bleeding Wound, Christ’s Wounded Right Foot, Christ’s Wounded Left Foot, Pietà, St. John the Evangelist, Adoration of the Eucharist, Coronation of the Virgin, King David Praying, All Saints, Office of the Dead, Last Judgment, Christ as Man of Sorrows, St. Jerome

Text contents: Calendar, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Prayer to the Holy Face, Fifteen Prayers on the Passion of Christ, Prayer to the Trinity, Prayer to John the Baptist, Prayer to St. John the Evangelist, Prayer to St. Christopher, Prayer to St. George, Prayer to St. Thomas Becket (effaced), Prayer to St. Anne, Prayer to St. Mary Magdalene, Prayer to St. Catherine, Prayer to St. Barbara, Prayer to St. Margaret, Hours of the Virgin, Suffrages, Hours of the Passion, Prayer to the Virgin: “Salve virgo virginum stella matutina”, Seven Joys of the Virgin, Prayer before the Image of Christ, Prayer to the Cross, Prayer to the Head of Christ, Prayer to the Wound in Christ’s Right Hand, Prayer to the Wound in Christ’s Left Hand, Prayer to the Wound in Christ’s Side, Prayer to the Wound in Christ’s Right Foot, Prayer to the Wound in Christ’s Left Foot, Prayer to the Virgin, Prayer to John the Evangelist, Prayers to the Sacrament, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Office of the Dead, Commendation of Souls, Psalms of the Passion, Psalter of St. Jerome

Hours intercalated?: 1

Personalization:

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: William Vrelant and workshop (Flemish, died 1481, active 1454-1481; active member of the artisans’ guild in Bruges)

Patron: “Almost certainly English,” perhaps a merchant

Materials: Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment

Binding original?: Unknown

Binding description: Bound between wood boards covered with purple velvet

Folio height (in centimeters): 25.6

Folio width (in centimeters): 17.3

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