W.102, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.102, Book of hours, Latin (1300 CE, England)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W102/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.102

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1275-1325

Language(s): Latin, French

Use: Rome (Hours of the Virgin, Office of the Dead)

Country of production: United Kingdom

City or region of production: Unknown

Illumination contents: Tree of Jesse in initial D, Crucifixion in initial V, Christ Carrying the Cross in initial D, Crucifixion in initial D, Trinity in initial D, Three Marys at the Tomb in initial D, Harrowing of Hell in initial D, Joseph and Mary before Christ in the Temple in initial D, King David pointing to his tongue before God in initial D, Woman kneeling before Christ in initial C, Learned doctors of Alexandria before Emperor Maxentius in initial M, Woman kneeling in prayer at an altar in initial D, Two tonsured men singing from a book before an altar in initial D, Elephant and castle, Adam, Head of Christ, St. Stephen playing chess, Romulus and Remus, Ape riding a bear, St. Margaret swallowed by a dragin, Woman praying in initial D, Decapitation of a man in initial A, Woman praying in initial D, Christ with a cleric holding a book in initial D, Two monks chanting in initial V, Office of the Dead in initial P, Two men kneeling in prayer in initial D, Marginal cycle of images from the funeral of Renard the Fox, Betrayal in initial D, Flagellation in initial D, Christ Carrying the Cross in initial D, Crucifixion in initial D, Descent from the Cross in initial D, Entombment in initial D, Woman praying in initial D, Woman praying in initial D, Woman praying in initial D, Martyrdom of St. Lawrence

Text contents: Hours of Jesus Crucified, Prayers to the Crucified Christ, Lections in the Life of St. Catherine, Canonical Hours to St. Catherine, Miscellaneous Prayers, Hours of the Virgin, Abbreviated Hours, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Penitential Psalms, Litany and Collects, Fifteen Gradual Psalms, Office of the Dead

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: The patron of the manuscript is not clear. A woman is depicted as praying in several initials, but rubrics in the Office of the Dead mention “freres” (brothers). The book of hours also contains inventive imagery, including a marginal sequence of images depicting the funeral of Reynard the Fox in the Hours of Christ Crucified.

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: The illuminator of this book of hours also worked on a Bible (Oxford, Bodleian Library Ms. Auct. D.3.2) and a psalter (Cambridge, Trinity College Cambridge Ms. O.4.16)

Patron: Unknown

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Early twentieth-century worn red velvet over pasteboard

Folio height (in centimeters): 26.7

Folio width (in centimeters): 18.7

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