W.117, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.117, Psalter and Office of the Dead, Latin (1265-1280 CE, Hainaut (?))

Holding institution classification: Psalter with additions

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W117/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.117

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1265-1280

Language(s): Latin, French

Use: Premonstratensian (Office of the Dead)

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Hainaut?

Illumination contents: Armorial shields including Crohin family arms, Armorial shields including heraldry of Crohin family, Man at a feast, Woman holding two lit candles for Candlemas, Man digging at base of tree, Man holding a tall plant, Falconing, Chopping wood, Man cutting grass with scythe, Reaping, Trampling grapes, Sowing seed, Slaughtering a pig, Man cooking in flaming oven, Presentation in the Temple, Flagellation of Christ, Crucifixion, King David playing the harp and young David decapitating Goliath in initial B, King David pointing to his eye before the face of God in initial D, King David pointing to his mouth in initial D, Fool eating a loaf of bread and carrying a club in initial D, King David in water being blessed by God in initial S, King David playing bells in initial E, Singing clerics in initial C, Coronation of the Virgin in initial D, Annunciation

Text contents: Calendar, Liturgical Psalter, Canticles, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead, Added Hours of the Virgin (fifteenth century), Added Hours of the Cross (fifteenth century), Added Hours of the Holy Spirit (fifteenth century), Ownership Entries (sixteenth and perhaps seventeenth centuries)

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: There is a strong presence of heraldry throughout; armorial shields and arms, birth notices, and other family entries cited on back flyleaves connect this Psalter to the Crohin family of Hainaut. Two births are specifically mentioned: Antonet, daughter of Jun de Crohin and Marguerite de Leugney on October 25, 1577, and Jan de Crohin, brother of Antonet, born January 24, 1579.

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Unknown; illumination style reveals Hainaut influence and also that of Ghent and Li├Ęge

Patron: Unknown; original owner may have been connected with the Abbey of Grammont (Geraardsbergen) in Hainaut

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Rebound in Belgium, late fifteenth or early sixteenth century; deep red velvet over leather-covered wood boards; piping composed of gilded silver, gold, and red silk thread lines edges of boards; red, white, and green silk endbands sewn to velvet cover; page edges gilded, gauffered with a diamond and rosette pattern; matching velvet straps with piping attached to inside of upper board and clasp to lower board; fasteners in gilded silver, with golden “P” for Peissant family against a ground of deep blue enamel; clasps likely nineteenth-century: close comparison exists on manuscript at Getty, also connected to Crohin family, which was bound in Belgium in the first half of the nineteenth century (see the Crohin-La Fontaine Hours, Getty Ms. 23)

Folio height (in centimeters): 19.2

Folio width (in centimeters): 13.1

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