W.166, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.166, Book of Hours of Daniel Rym, Latin (1420-1430 CE, Flanders (Ghent?))

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W166/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.166

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1420-1430

Language(s): Latin, Flemish

Use: Composite of Bruges and Arras and Cambrai (similar to that found in W.169)

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Ghent?

Illumination contents: Annunciation, Last Judgment, David Praying in initial D, Virgo Lactans, Owner portrait of Elizabeth van Munte, Betrayal and Arrest of Christ, Man of Sorrows, Flagellation, Christ carrying the Cross, Crucifixion, Descent from the Cross, Sts. John the Baptist and Peter, Sts. Christopher and Anthony, Sts. Cornelius and Livin, St. Daniel in the Lions’ Den with owner portrait of David Rym

Text contents: Hours of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms, Devotional Sequence (Obsecro te with indulgence, O intemerata, Rhyming Prayer to the Virgin, Versicle and Collect to Christ, Rhyming Prayer on Sorrow of the Virgin by the Cross, Versicle, Prayer to Christ with Instructions for Devout Reading and Indulgence, Rhyming Prayer to the Virgin, Prayer to the Virgin, Versicle, Prayer to God, Seven Joys of the Virgin, Versicle, Collect, Prayer to the Virgin with Indulgence, Versicle, Prayer to God, Three Prayers to the Virgin, Prayer to the Holy Spirit with Indulgence and Miraculous Account of the Appearance of the Virgin to an Abbess, Six Prayers to the Virgin termed Psalms with Instructions for Bodily Position While Reading, Salutations to the Virgin, Five Sorrows of the Virgin Framed as a Vision of St. John the Evangelist, Apostles’ Rhyming Salutation to the Virgin), Hours of the Passion, Devotional Sequence, Suffrages

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: This richly illuminated Book of Hours was created ca. 1420-30 for Elizabeth van Munte and her husband Daniel Rym. The couple is represented throughout the manuscript in a number of ways. Rym’s heraldic shield is held by a dragon on fol. 42r, while van Munte’s heraldry is found on fol. 18r. Both are also depicted in donor portraits, with van Munte kneeling on fol. 62r and Daniel Rym kneeling before his namesake, St. Daniel, on fol. 168v. Drolleries throughout the book depict playful figures and hybrids engaging in a variety of activities, such as reading texts, kneeling in devotion, playing with or climbing the foliate fillet of the initials, or emerging from large flowers. Especially touching is a sweet couple embracing on the folio facing the Descent from the Cross and the Veronica (fol. 118r). Outlines of around twenty circular and oval badges (from pilgrimages?) remain in five rows on blank f. 106r

Scribe: Master of Guillebert de Mets, fl. 1410-45

Illuminator: Unknown

Patron: Elizabeth van Munte and Daniel Rym

Materials: Thin to medium-weight parchment, heavier parchment used for some folios with illuminations; parchment darkened from use; gilded fore-edge

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Upper and lower boards are inlaid with a fourteenth-century pink-stained tanned skin made in France or the Lower Rhine, which are set into a newer binding created in the late nineteenth or early twentieth-century by Léon Gruel in Paris; inlaid panels decorated with rectangular bars containing stamped griffins, lozenges, fleurs-de-lis, and three-tower citadels; two holes on front and back covers are evidence of former presence of fasteners; two edge-pin and clasp fasteners were probably provided by Gruel; clasps detached

Folio height (in centimeters): 16.7

Folio width (in centimeters): 13.3

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