W.168, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.168 Book of Hours, Latin (1430-1435, Utrecht)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W168/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.168#page/1/mode/2up

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1425-1450

Language(s): Latin

Use: Rome (Hours of the Virgin), Utrecht (Calendar)

Country of production: Netherlands

City or region of production: Utrecht

Illumination contents: Crucifixion, Virgin and Child enthroned, Lamentation, Betrayal, Virgin and Child clothed in the sun, Christ before Pilate, Flagellation, Christ carrying the Cross, Crucifixion, Descent from the Cross, Entombment, Trinity, Pentecost, Man of Sorrows in tomb with the Arma Christi, Nativity, Last Judgment, Christ holding orb and blessing, Office of the Dead, Three female souls in purgatory, St. John the Baptist, St. James Major, St. Christopher, St. Sebastian, St. Adrian, St. George, St. Ghislain, St. Catherine, St. Barbara, St. Apollonia, St. Margaret, St. Anne teaching the Virgin to read

Text contents: Calendar, Hours of the Cross, Mass of the Virgin, Gospel Sequences, Obsecro te, O intermerata, Stabat Mater, Prayer, Seven Last Words of Christ, Hours of the Virgin (use of Rome), Long Hours of the Holy Spirit, Short Hours of the Cross, Penitential Psalms, Litany and one collect, Office of the Dead, Suffrages

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization:

Scribe: Two scribes in separate campaigns, the first responsible for fols. 1r-14v and 52r-212v, the second for fols. 16r-51v and 213r-223r

Illuminator: Masters of Zweder van Culemborg

Patron: Unknown

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: Yes

Binding description: Bound in fifteenth-century Flanders (Bruges); black calfskin covering beech boards; blind panel-stamping laid out in two panels on both boards, each panel displaying two vine-scrolls in mirror image of each other containing a bird, a rabbit couchant, a cock, a deer couchant, and a pelican in piety; both panels surrounded by the inscription “Ora pro nobis sancta / Dei genitrix ut / digni efficamur promis / sione Xpristi”; between panels a smaller compartment composed of three stamps displaying a wivern couchant, St. Margaret emerging from the dragon, and a gryphon rampant; all edges gilt; indications of a central fastening, now a pair of late Gothic brass catch-and-strap clasps hinging from lower board

Folio height (in centimeters): 16

Folio width (in centimeters): 11.4

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