W.170, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.170, Book of Hours, Latin (1430-1440 CE, Ghent)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W170/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.170

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1425-1450

Language(s): Latin

Use:

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Ghent

Illumination contents: Virgin and Child with owner portrait, Owner portrait praying in initial D, Visitation in initial D, Annunciation to the Shepherds in initial D, Nativity in initial D, Adoration of the Magi in initial D, Presentation in the Temple in initial D, Massacre of the Innocents in initla D, Flight into Egypt in initial D, Betrayal and arrest of Christ, Christ before Pilate, Flagellation of Christ, Christ carrying the Cross, Descent from the Cross, Entombment, Death of the Virgin, Adoration of the Magi, Last Judgment, Office of the Dead, Trinity, Annunciation, St. Michael, St. John the Baptist, Daniel in the Lions’ Den, Resurrection, Man of Sorrows emerging from tomb with Arma Christi, St. Christopher, St. George and the Dragon, St. Cornelius, Martyrdom of St. Sebastian, St. Anthony, St. Mary Magdalene with owner portrait, St. Catherine, St. Barbara, Martyrdom of St. Wilgefortis

Text contents: Front Pastedown with Creeds and Diagrams, Calendar, Birth Notice (added in the sixteenth century), Hours of the Virgin, Hours of the Cross, Mass of the Virgin, Three Prayers to the Virgin, Prayer to Christ, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead, Prayer to the Holy Face, Devotional Sequence, Seven Joys of the Virgin, Suffrages, Seven Last Words of Christ, Prayer Sequence, Suffrages, Eight Verses of St. Bernard, Added Hours of the Holy Spirit (sixteenth century), Back Pastedown with Imprecations to Guardian Angel (fifteenth century)

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: Original owner portrait depicted in prayer on f. 8v and subsequent owner portrait (male) depicted on f. 165v

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Artist influenced by the Master of Guillebert of Mets

Patron: Unknown; original owner depicted on fols. 8v-9r

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Made in Flanders by Joris de Gavere; brown calf with replaced spine and corners to match; stamped panel on both upper and lower boards; top and bottom sections display angels playing instruments in roundels created by vines, with these two sections surrounded by text and floral borders inscribed with “Joris de Gavere me ligavit in Gandavo, om[n]es sancti angeli et archangeli dei orate pro nobis”; middle section contains five animals, from left to right: boar, unicorn, lion, wyvern, and a stag; two brass clasps probably added by Gruel

Folio height (in centimeters): 15.4

Folio width (in centimeters): 10.9

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