W.186, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.186, Book of Hours, Latin (1460 CE, Bruges)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W186/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.186

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1435-1485

Language(s): Latin

Use: Rome (Hours of the Virgin)

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Bruges

Illumination contents: Crucifixion, Pentecost, Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Massacre of the Innocents, Flight into Egypt, Office of the Dead, Host decorated with Crucifixion set in gold monstrance with two angels, Salvator mundi, Virgin and Child, St. John the Baptist, St. Martin, St. Christopher, St. Adrian, St. Barbara, St. Catherine, St. Margaret and the dragon, All Saints

Text contents: Calendar, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Hours of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead, Gospel Sequences and Prayers (including Prayer on the Seven Last Words of Christ), Suffrages

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization:

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Circle of Willem Vrelant, Masters of the Gold Scrolls, Master of the Beady Eyes

Patron: Unknown woman; original ownership by woman with possible connection to Franciscan or Augustinian orders (see litany and calendar)

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Seventeenth-century Belgian binding in brown calf skin on wooden boards, with repaired and re-backed mitered corners; four straps at four sets of deep cuts provide the structure for sewing; upper and lower board marked with gilt oval stamp on inlay of calfskin (possibly concealing previous stamp?); inscription “IHS” surmounted by Crucifixion within both ovals; naturally rounded spine with gilt tooled crosses; endbands in pink and blue-green thread; fastened with cast silver clasp, chiseled in the shape of a love knot at the center fore-edge; hinged on lower board; hinge and clasp attached with nails to boards by shield-shaped plates

Folio height (in centimeters): 12.2

Folio width (in centimeters): 8.8

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