W.196, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.196, Book of Hours, Latin (1470 CE, Bruges)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W196/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.196

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1445-1495

Language(s): Latin

Use:

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Bruges

Illumination contents: Man by a fire, Aquarius, Pruning, Pisces, Spading, Aries, Man carrying a branch, Taurus, Falconing, Gemini, Scything, Cancer, Reaping, Leo, Threshing, Virgo, Man trampling grapes, Libra, Gathering Acorns, Scorpio, Sowing seed, Sagittarius, Killing Ox, Capricorn, Betrayal of Christ, Christ before Pilate, Flagellation, Christ carrying the Cross, Descent from the Cross, Entombment, David in prayer, Holy Spirit as a dove, Baptism of Christ, Sts. Peter and John bestow the Holy Spirit on the people of Samaria, Resurrected Christ with Apostles, Pentecost, St. John the Evangelist, St. Luke, St. Matthew, St. Mark, Visitation, Presentation in the Temple, Massacre of the Innocents, Flight into Egypt, Joachim cast out of the Temple, Annunciation to Joachim in initial C, Meeting at the Golden Gate in initial D, Nativity of the Virgin in initial D, Presentation of the Virgin in initial D, Marriage of the Virgin in initial D, Death of the Virgin in initial D, Coronation of the Virgin in initial D, Emperor Augustus and the Tiburtine Sibyl in initial R, Virgin of the Apocalypse in initial R, Pietà, David praying, Raising of Lazarus

Text contents: Calendar, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Mass of the Virgin, Gospel Sequences, Obsecro te, O Intemerata, Hours of the Virgin, Three Offices of the Virgin, Prayer Lamenting Sorrow of the Virgin by the Cross, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization:

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Unknown; in the style of Willem Vrelant

Patron: Unknown; Given that several prayer cycles contain indications of a female suppliant, as well as a majority female saints in the litany, the book was either owned or co-owned by a woman.

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: Yes

Binding description: Produced in Belgium by Johannes de Lende who was active between 1459 and 1493 CE; brown leather with oak boards, design divided into four panels with inscription running around the outside of each, they read “ob laudem xristi librum hunc recte ligaui Iohannes de lende”; similar design on lower board except the inscription there reads “ora pro nobis sancta dei genitrix ut digni efficiamur promis sione xristi”

Folio height (in centimeters): 19.6

Folio width (in centimeters): 12.7

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