W.197, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.197, Book of Hours, Latin (1460 CE, Bruges)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W197/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.197

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1435-1485

Language(s): Latin, French

Use:

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Bruges

Illumination contents: Pruning, Pises, Digging, Aries, Man carrying flowers, Taurus, Falconer, Gemini, Scything, Cancer, Reaping, Leo, Threshing, Virgo, Crushing grapes, Libra, Sowing seed, Scorpio, Gathering Acorns, Sagittarius, Butchering Pig, Capricorn, St. John the Baptist, St. Christopher, St. Anthony, St. Nicholas, St. Adrian, St. Quintinus, St. Francis, St. Blasius, St. Margaret and the dragon, St. Geneviève, St. Barbara, Virgin and Child enthroned, Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Massacre of the Innocents, Flight into Egypt, Coronation of the Virgin, Last Judgment, Office of the Dead, Holy Face in initial S

Text contents: Calendar, Suffrages, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Mass of the Virgin, Hours of the Virgin, Advent Hours of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization:

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Willem Vrelant circle, possibly under direction of WV himself

Patron: Unknown; first owner was French due to the French headings throughout and prominent fleur-de-lis figurations decorating the binding. Further, the first owner was likely female, suggested by the ways in which the book was structured to facilitate legibility.

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: Yes

Binding description: Belgium, Bruges or Ghent; signed Livinus Stuvaert, dated 1477; inscription in textura in central band: “livinus stuvaert me ligavit”; brown calf over wooden boards with slight exterior chamfer, tongue corners; rebacked nineteenth century; original sewing on six tawed bands; six pairs of deep cuts plus single cuts for kettles form stations; spine rebacked, naturally rounded parchment liner full-length (?), six raised bands; endbands of red, green, and white with decorative sewing; regilt edges; two brass catches and brass clasps, nineteenth century; motifs are bird with wings spread (roundels 1, 3, 5 from top), griffin (roundel 2), mermaid with mirror and comb (roundel 4); contemporary books of hours related to the same binder include GM Ludwig IX 7 (Plotzek 1982, pp. 115, 118, figs. 136-138); Vat. Lib. Barb. lat 4 )Morello 1988, p. 122)

Folio height (in centimeters): 21.5

Folio width (in centimeters): 14.6

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