Holding institution title: W.277, Book of Hours, Latin (1480 CE, Tournai (?), Flanders)
Holding institution classification: Book of Hours
Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD
Digitization status: Digitized
Language(s): Latin, French
Country of production: Belgium
City or region of production: Tournai?
Illumination contents: St. John the Evangelist, Crucifixion, Betrayal and Arrest of Christ, Christ before Herod, Flagellation of Christ, Christ Carrying the Cross, Descent from the Cross, Lamentation, Annunciation, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi, Circumcision of Christ, Flight into Egypt, Massacre of the Innocents, David Penitent, Raising of Lazarus
Text contents: Calendar, Gospel Sequences, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Five Verses of St. Gregory, Hours of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms and Litany, Office of the Dead, Suffrages, Eight Verses of St. Bernard
Illuminator: Unknown novice; artist was a novice, yet his expressive individual style and unusual marginalia, in which figures and animals hold scrolls inscribed with French phrases, provide the manuscript with considerable charm.
Patron: unsure; First owner, ca. 1480, likely female as fol. 32r depicts St. Agnes; Franciscan and pro-French sympathy seen in fols. 32r-102v
Materials: Medium-weight calfskin parchment
Binding original?: No
Binding description: Crimson velvet binding made ca. nineteenth century, possibly in England given the fastenings (see below); five bands with original sewing; spine rounded naturally; endbands in light pink silk; gilt edges with red and green vines, as well as birds and white, red, and blue flowers; center fore-edge containing ‘Ihs’ monogram, ca. eighteenth century (?); possible traces of earlier single-fastening at center fore-edge on first and last folios of textblock; two engraved edge-pin fastenings by R. Garrard (London, 1844-45), with “R G” monogram at the bottom of clasps
Folio height (in centimeters): 20.5
Folio width (in centimeters): 15