W.34, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.34, Carrow Psalter, Latin (1240-1260 CE, East Anglia, England)

Holding institution classification: Psalter

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W34/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.34

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1225-1275

Language(s): Latin

Use: Sarum (Hours of the Virgin)

Country of production: United Kingdom

City or region of production: East Anglia

Illumination contents: Sts. Peter and Paul, Sts. Barnabus and John the Evangelist, Sts. Thomas and James, Sts. Bartholomew and Matthew, Sts. Simon and Jude, Sts. Andrew and John the Evangelist, Martyrdom of King Edmund, Martyrdom of Thomas Becket, Sts. Catherine and Margaret, Martyrdom of St. Agatha (labelled Cecilia), Creation of Eve, God’s Admonition to Adam and Eve, Temptation of Eve, Expulsion from Paradise, Angel hands spade to Adam and spindle to Eve, Annunciation and Visitation, Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds, Magi guided by the star and Magi before Herod, Magi warned in dream and Adoration of the Magi, Flight into Egypt and Massacre of the Innocents, Presentation in the Temple and Baptism, Devil takes Christ to top of Mountain and Devil with Stones, Entry into Jerusalem and Footwashing, Betrayal and Flagellation, Carrying the Cross and Crucifixion, Descent from the Cross and Three Marys at the Tomb, Limbo and Resurrection, Noli me tangere and Ascension, Pentecost and Throne of Grace, Last Judgment, Resurrection of the dead and devil herding the damned into hell, The Annunciation, The Nativity, Adoration of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Christ Carrying the Cross, Story of St. Olaf, King David Kneeling and Pointing to his eye, King David kneeling and covering his mouth before a lectern, Fool with a pladder on a stick eating cusped loaf, King stabbing self with sword, Sailors throw Jonah overboard and Jonah in the mouth of the whale, Jacob wrestling the angel, Priest elevating host at the altar, David in prayer at altar, Throne of Grace, Arms of Gloucester, Arms of Lord Fitzallan of Bedal York, Arms of the Earl of Winchester, Arms of St. George, Arms of Lord Mortimore of Wigmore, Arms of Lord Mowbray of Axholme, Arms of the Earl of Warwick, Arms of Lord Percy of Northumberland, Arms of the Earl of Oxford, Arms of the Baron of Stafford, Arms of the Earl of Hereford and Essex, Virgin and Child enthroned with owner portrait

Text contents: Suffrages, Calendar, Psalter, Canticles, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead, Hours of the Virgin, Psalter of the Virgin

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: Multiple examples of heraldry/ coats of arms within initials

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Unknown

Patron: Made for a patron with special veneration for St. Olaf, whose life and martyrdom are prominently portrayed in the Beatus initial of Psalm 1

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Henry Yates Thompson had the manuscript rebound in the early twentieth century; limp vellum binding, hair side out with stiff square yapp and green ribbons at fore edge; spine inscribed in gold tooled letters “Psalter of the Monastery of Carehow near Norwich circa A.D. 1245.”

Folio height (in centimeters): 24.7

Folio width (in centimeters): 17.6

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