W.37, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.37, Book of Hours (Use of Liège), Latin (1300 – 1310 CE, Liège)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W37/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.37

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1300-1310

Language(s): Latin, French

Use: Liège

Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Liège

Illumination contents: Man drinking an stoking a fire, Aquarius, Pruning, Pisces, Man with mattock, Aries, Man holding orange branches, Taurus, Man playing vielle, Gemini, Woman with basket picking flowers, Cancer, Mowing, Leo, Reaping, Virgo, Trampling grapes and tasting wine, Libra, Sowing seed, Scorpio, Carrying a pig, Sagittarius, Slaughtering an ox, Capricorn, The Nativity, Presentation in the Temple, Christ among the Doctors, Entry into Jerusalem, Saint orant in initial E, Man holding a scroll in initial V, Saint holding a book and club in initial V, Haloed monk holding an orange staff in initial E, Monk holding a crozier in initial D, God blessing man in bed in initial F, Saint orant in initial V, Haloed monk with rod in initial V, Saint orant in initial V, John the Baptist holding the lamb of God in initial C, Saint holding a white palm in initial D, Saint holding scroll in initial C, Man holding scroll in initial L, Man holding scroll in initial P, Hiding man in initial M, Saint holding a book in initial E, Man playing vielle in initial T, The Betrayal, Judas receiving thirty pieces of silver in initial D, Man holding a scroll in initial D, Man orant in initial I, Christ holding crossed orb in initial D, Saint holding scroll in initial D, Saint orant in initial B, Man holding scroll in initial L, Man holding his face in his hands in initial C, Saint orant in initial L, Saint holding a scroll in initial O, Man holding a book in initial H, Monk holding a book and crozier in initial B, The Virgin and Child in initial A, Man holding scroll in initial D, Christ holding crossed orb in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial E, St. Lambert in initial I, St. Nicholas in initial D, St. Catherine in initial D, Hand of God crowning three male saints in initial O, Christ before the High Priest, Peter denying Christ in initial D, Man orant in initial A, Man holding a book in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial B, Saint in initial I, Saint orant in initial R, Praying saint in initial A, Saint holding arrow in initial Q, Saint pointing to a scroll in initial D, Man looking away from text in initial D, Man holding scroll in initial D, Two Jews in initial D, Two men holding scroll in initial M, Saint pointing to scroll in initial L, The Virgin and Child in initial E, Two men in conversation in initial M, Saint orant in initial P, Saint orant in initial B, Two saints in conversation in initial M, St. Francis in initial I, Saint holding a book in initial A, Christ Carrying the Cross, Martyrdom of St. Stephen in initial O, Saint praying in initial P, Saint holding a book in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial I, Man holding a scroll in initial Q, Saint holding a book in initial L, Saint holding a book in initial F, Saint carrying a green cross in initial E, Man pointing to a scroll in initial A, The Crucifixion with Ecclesia and Synagogue, Crucifixion of thieves with souls grasped by an angel and devil in initial D, Man praying in initial A, Man in initial M, Saint holding a book in initial I, Saint holding an orb in initial C, Angel playing a vielle in initial U, Angel playing a vielle in initial P, Saint orant in initial A, Saint holding a book in initial S, Saint holding a white club in initial P, Descent from the Cross, The Entombment in initial D, The Resurrection in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial L, Man pointing to scroll in initial L, Saint holding a scroll in initial N, Man praying in initial L, Man orant in initial A, Saint holding a scroll in initial S, Two men in conversation in initial M, Saint holding a book in initial S, Man holding a scroll in initial O, Three Marys at the Tomb, Two nuns in initial C, Nun in initial D, Saint holding a cross in initial C, Saint praying in initial I, Saint pointing in initial Q, Saint pointing at his raised hand in initial E, Man pointing at raised hand in initial F, Man pointing at raised hand in initial T, Martyr holding palm in initial N, Saint holding a book in initial S, Saint holding cross in initial C, Noli me tangere, Transfiguration in initial D, Saint holding a scroll and a book in initial B, Saint orant in initial D, Man hiding in initial M, Saint blessing in initial D, Saint holding a scroll in initial D, Saint holding a cross in initial D, Bishop Servatius reclining, Martyrdom of St. Lambert, St. Dominic assisting Napoleon Orisini after a fall in initial A, Saint holding a book in initial L, Saint holding a book in initial L, Man holding and pointing at a scroll in initial A, Man holding a scroll wearing an orange cap in initial N, Saint holding a book in initial Q, St. Peter martyred in initial I, Saint holding a rock in initial B, Saint holding a book in initial S, Saint praying before God in initial D, Martyr holding a palm in initial D, Man in initial M, Saint holding a book in initial E, Saint pointing at his hand in initial E, Saint orant in initial K, Saint holding a book in initial E, Saint holding a scroll in initial C, Saint orant in initial E, Saint holding a book in initial S, God holding a crossed orb in initial O, The Ascension, Pentecost in initial D, Saint holding a cross in initial B, Saint holding a scroll in initial N, Saint holding a club in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial U, Saint holding a book in initial A, Saint holding a scroll in initial D, Saint orant in initial D, Man pointing to a scroll in initial U, Saint holding a book in initial D, Saint orant in initial A, Saint holding a book in initial S, Saint crossing arms over chest in initial D, Saint crossing arms over chest in initial Q, Saint orant in initial A, Saint orant in initial P, Saint in initial D, Saint orant in initial T, Man holding a book in initial a, Two men in discussion in initial M, Saint holding a scroll in initial D, Saint holding a scroll in initial A, Saint orant in initial D, Man in initial M, Saint orant in initial D, Saint orant in initial H, Saint holding a scroll in initial C, Saint orant in initial A, Saint holding a book in initial C, Saint holding a scroll in initial P, Saint praying in initial I, Saint orant in initial U, The Harrowing of Hell, The Rich Man and Lazarus in initial D, Saint orant in initial A, Saint pointing to scroll in initial L, Saint holding a book in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial C, Two saints in discussion in initial M, Saint holding a book in initial U, Saint orant in initial D, Saint holding a scroll in initial D, Saint carrying a cross in initial P, Saint holding a book in initial T, Saint holding a book in initial R, Man holding a scroll in initial D, Saint orant in initial A, Saint holding a scroll in initial D, Man holding a scroll in initial Q, Saint holding a book in initial S, Saint holding a book in initial P, Saint holding a book in initial I, Saint orant in initial E, Saint orant in initial Q, Saint in initial L, Saint holding a book in initial C, Saint orant in initial L, St. Catherine in initial B, Man pointing at hand in initial P, Saint playing vielle in initial L, Man holding scroll in initial X, Saint holding a scroll in initial Q, Man in initial M, Saint holding a book in initial S, Saint holding hands to chest in initial T, Saint orant in initial D, Saint praying in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial A, Saint holding a book in initial D, Saint holding a book in initial F, Saint orant in initial E

Text contents: Calendar, Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms, Fifteen Gradual Psalms, Litany, Long Hours of the Holy Spirit, Office of the Dead

Hours intercalated?:

Personalization: Created for use in Liège ca. 1300-1310, likely for a female owner, possibly a Beguine living in Huy (diocese of Liège) based on saints in the calendar. Reference to a female suppliant in a collect on fol. 195r. Owned by the Figinne family of Huy from at least 1410 until after 1604; inscription on fols. 1v-2r reads: “Guillaulme de Figinne prieur de Buylon [Bouillon]” (d. 1410); Guillaulme seigneur de Figinne” (d. 1474); his daughter “Jehanne de Figinne” (d. 1558), who apparently had the book rebound; her daughter “Margarite de Daulin” (d. 1559), cited as “ma mere” by scribe of ownership entries; her son “Sire Jehan Connart (?),” canon of Huy (d. 1577); his gift to “Jean Sire de Figinne” (d. 1604), who gave it to his daughter “Catherine…damme de hauresay [?]” (d. 1596); her daughter “Anne de Woha [?];” “et depuys au hault Vowe [?] de Sironville.”

Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Unknown

Patron: Likely a Beguine living in Huy

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Bound in Belgium, ca. fifteenth or sixteenth century; brown leather over wood boards; rebacked, corners repaired, and resewn on five single cords by Gruel in Paris in late nineteenth or early twentieth century; upper and lower covers have panel stamped design in blind with two columns of four motifs, each in a square, with fleur-de-lis flanking a paschal lamb and an eagle; inscription down center of imagery reads “AVE MARIA GRACIA;” spine rounded and backed; worn gilt edges; evidence of two metal fore-edge clasps on upper and lower boards

Folio height (in centimeters): 9.1

Folio width (in centimeters): 6.9

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