W.434, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.434, Book of Hours (for use of Tournai), Latin (1500 CE, Bruges(?))

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W434/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.434

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1500

Language(s): Latin, French


Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Bruges?

Illumination contents: Christ child enthroned, St. William the Great, St. William the Great with male owner portrait praying, Virgin and Child, Man of Sorrows emerging from tomb with Arma Christi, Crucifixion, Pentecost, St. John the Evangelist, St. Luke, St. Matthew, St. Mark, Pietà, Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Adoration of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Massacre of the Innocents, Flight into Egypt, King David Penitent, Raising of Lazarus, Trinity, God the Father enthroned, Christ enthroned displaying wounds, Pentecost, Salvator Mundi, Virgin and Child reading, St. Michael, St. John the Baptist, St. John the Evangelist, Sts. Peter and Paul, St. James Major, St. Stephen, St. Lawrence, St. Christopher, St. Dionysius, St. Nicholas, St. Sebastian, St. Mary Magdalene, St. Catherine, St. Barbara, St. Geneviève, Trinity enthroned

Text contents: Calendar, Prayer to Christ, Suffrage to St. William the Great, Prayer for faithful dead, Prayer to Christ, Gospel Sequence of the Passion according to John, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Gospel Sequences, two prayers to the Virgin, Hours of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead, Suffrages, Prayer on the Sorrow of the Virgin by the Cross, Communion prayers with indulgence, Prayers for recitation on arising and leaving home, Prayer for the king, Prayer for remission of sins, Prayer for benefactors, Prayer for friends in need, Prayer for deceased friends, Prayer for father and mother, Seven verses of St. Gregory with indulgence

Hours intercalated?:


Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Circle of the Master of the Prayer Books

Patron: Unknown; Early owner depicted in presence of St. William the Great, armorial shield in border, “de gueules au poisson d’or posé en fasce et contourné, accompagné de trois étoiles d’or brisées d’un croissant d’argent placé en chef”; heraldic marking on St. William’s pennant, “d’azur semé de fleurs de lis d’or, au franc canton d’azur à trois croissants d’or” (identified by Michel Pastoureau as the usual “fictitious arms of king Clovis”)

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: France, last quarter of the nineteenth century; crimson velvet bound over wooden boards; spine rounded and backed, hollow card liner; endbands of a deep crimson with white silk, worked with edge-bead around parchment laminate; gilt edges, original gauffering design of three dotted fillets intersecting to form lozenges containing centered quatrefoils

Folio height (in centimeters): 14

Folio width (in centimeters): 10.3

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