W.439, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.439, Hours of Duke Adolph of Cleves, Latin (1480-1490 CE, Ghent)

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W439/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.439

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1455-1515

Language(s): Latin, French


Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Ghent

Illumination contents: Owner portrait of Adolph of Cleves, Virgo lactans, Armorial shield of Adolph of Cleves wearing the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Pietà, Crucifixion, Annunciation in initial G, St. Claudius in initial O, St. Sebastian in initial O, St. Adrian in initial O, St. Anthony in initial V, St. Michael in initial M, St. George in initial O, St. Nicholas in initial D, St. Christopher in initial D, St. Erasmus in initial A, St. Anne in initial D, St. Margaret in initial D, St. Catherine in initial D, St. Barbara in initial D, St. Augustine in initial D, Owner portrait of Adolph of Cleves revering the Virgin and Child in initial O, St. John the Evangelist in initial I, St. Matthew in initial C, St. Luke in initial I, St. Mark in initial I, Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, Annunciation to the Shepherds, Presentation in the Temple, Adoration of the Magi, Massacre of the Innocents, Flight into Egypt, King David Penitent, Man of Sorrows in initial I, Arma Christi, Crucifixion in initial D, Trinity in initial U, Mass of St. Gregory in initial D

Text contents: Calendar, Obsecro te, O Intemerata, Rhyming Prayer on the Sorrow of the Virgin by the Cross, Five prayers, Four prayers to the Virgin, Five Joys of the Virgin, Four prayers to the Virgin, Two prayers to Christ, Suffrages and Prayers, Gospel Sequences, Hours of the Virgin for Dominican Use, Penitential Psalms, Passion According to John, Prayer on the Seven Last Words of Our Lord, Two Prayers to the Virgin, Prayer to God, Prayer to the Trinity, Hymn in Praise of the Virgin, Prayer to God, Added Suffrages, Added Verses of St. Gregory, Added Prayer to God for remission of sins

Hours intercalated?:


Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Unknown

Patron: Adolph, duke of Cleves, count of La Mack, lord of Ravenstein and Wijnendale (1425-92)

Materials: Parchment

Binding original?: No

Binding description: Central brown calf panels made in Belgium in the sixteenth or seventeenth century; two blind-tooled panels per side decorated with angel musicians in roundels; border inscription reads: “in conspectu angelor[um] / psallam tibi domine et aborabo / ad templum sanctu[m] / tuu[m] et confitebor nomini tuo”; modern olive-brown leather components of binding made by Léon Gruel ca. 1900; modern sewing on five bands

Folio height (in centimeters): 16.9

Folio width (in centimeters): 11.7

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