W.440, The Walters Art Museum

Holding institution title: W.440, Book of Hours, Latin (1490-1500 CE, Ghent (?))

Holding institution classification: Book of Hours

Holding institution location: Baltimore, MD

URL: https://thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W440/description.html

URL2: https://manuscripts.thewalters.org/viewer.php?id=W.440

Digitization status: Digitized

Date: 1465-1525

Language(s): Latin, French


Country of production: Belgium

City or region of production: Ghent?

Illumination contents: Dove of the Holy Spirit in initial D, Jeweled cross pendant of gold and pearls in initial D, Heraldry of Philip the Handsome in initial D, Skull and crossbones in initial D, Man trying to catch bees with basket in initial O, Crucifixion on golden hanging shield in initial T, Jeweled red scallop shell in initial O, Serpent in chalice with rosaries in initial I, Skull in suspended gold medallion in initial O, Hanging gray bell in initial U, Green fronds with rosary beads in maiolica vase in initial I, Wheel in initial U, Suspended Tower in initial O

Text contents: Calendar, Suffrages, Gospel Sequences, Prayers, Hours of the Cross, Hours of the Holy Spirit, Hours of the Virgin, Advent Hours of the Virgin, Penitential Psalms, Litany, Petitions, Collects, Office of the Dead, Two prayers to the Virgin, O Intemerata, Five Rhyming Salutations on the Five Joys of the Virgin, Three Salutations to the Virgin, Rhyming Prayers on the Sorrow of the Virgin by the Cross, Suffrages, Gospel Sequences, Suffrages and Prayers

Hours intercalated?:


Scribe: Unknown

Illuminator: Ghent Associates ca. 1490-1500

Patron: Philip the Handsome, also known as Philip the Fair (1478-1506),

Materials: medium-weight parchment

Binding original?: Yes

Binding description: Bound in Flanders (Ghent?) ca. fifteenth-sixteenth century and repaired ca. 1900; brown leather over wood boards; sewn on five single bands, rehitched at beginning and end by rebacker; upper and lower boards decorated with four blind-tooled panels depicting angels playing instruments (horn, triangle drum, lute, portative organ, harp) within spiraling vines, a design connected with the Gavere family of binders (see W.170 and W.439 for related); inscription around border is from Psalm 137.1, and reads (beginning in the upper left corner and going clockwise): “In conspectu angelorum psallam tibi domine et adorabo ad templum sanctum tuum et confitebor nomini tuo”; spine rounded and backed, with modern endbands in pink and green silk; edges gilded and gauffered with pairs of fillets forming large diamonds with centered rosettes formed of six dots around a central dot (Randall sees this, but it is difficult to make out); traces of clasps with five rivets are visible on edges of boards; brass studs on cover are probably modern; modern leather fore-edge tabs mark illuminations

Folio height (in centimeters): 21.1

Folio width (in centimeters): 14.5

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